Medical Imaging Systems


CMPE Degree: This course is Not Applicable for the CMPE degree.

EE Degree: This course is Not Applicable for the EE degree.

Lab Hours: 0 supervised lab hours and 0 unsupervised lab hours.

Technical Interest Group(s) / Course Type(s): Bioengineering, Courses for non-ECE majors, Digital Signal Processing

Course Coordinator:

Prerequisites: None.

Corequisites: None.

Catalog Description

A study of the principles and design of medical imaging systems such
as X-ray, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, and nuclear magnetic
resonance. Cross-listed with BMED 6786.

Course Outcomes

Not Applicable

Student Outcomes

In the parentheses for each Student Outcome:
"P" for primary indicates the outcome is a major focus of the entire course.
“M” for moderate indicates the outcome is the focus of at least one component of the course, but not majority of course material.
“LN” for “little to none” indicates that the course does not contribute significantly to this outcome.

1. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics

2. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors

3. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences

4. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts

5. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives

6. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions

7. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies.

Strategic Performance Indicators (SPIs)

Not Applicable

Course Objectives

Topical Outline

1. [3 hrs] Introduction
a. Math preliminaries/refresher
b. Imaging fundamentals
c. Overview of imaging modalities, differences and similarities, general image characteristics
2. [4 hrs] X-ray Imaging
a. Physics of X-rays
b. X-ray production, detection, hardware/instrumentation
c. Projection radiography
d. Mammography
e. Fluoroscopy
f. Digital angiography, mammography and fluoroscopy
3. [4 hrs] Computed tomography (CT)
a. Spiral/helical and multi-slice CT
b. Detectors
c. Image reconstruction
4. [3 hrs] X-ray Imaging and Computed Tomography
a. Radiation doze
b. Contrast agents
c. Clinical applications
5. [4 hrs] Nuclear Medicine
a. Radioactivity and radiotracer half-life
b. Generators
c. Gamma camera
e. PET and PET/CT
f. Applications
6. [12 hrs] Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
a. Spins in a strong magnetic field
b. Radiofrequency pulse, Faraday induction and free induction decay
c. Longitudinal and transverse magnetization relaxation
d. RF pulse excitation and MR signal
e. MR instrumentation
f. Basic imaging sequences
g. The k-space formalism and image reconstruction
h. MRI contrast agents
i. Applications
7. [12 hrs] Ultrasound Imaging
a. Wave propagation, acoustic impedance, absorption and attenuation
b. Single element ultrasound transducers and ultrasound field
c. Transducer array
d. Imaging modes
e. Doppler ultrasound
f. Ultrasound contrast agents
g. Applications
8. [3 hrs] Exams