Optical Fibers


CMPE Degree: This course is Not Applicable for the CMPE degree.

EE Degree: This course is Not Applicable for the EE degree.

Lab Hours: 0 supervised lab hours and 0 unsupervised lab hours.

Technical Interest Group(s) / Course Type(s): Optics and Photonics

Course Coordinator:

Prerequisites: None.

Corequisites: None.

Catalog Description

Provides an in-depth understanding of the light guiding properties of
optical fibers as used in communication systems.

Course Outcomes

Not Applicable

Student Outcomes

In the parentheses for each Student Outcome:
"P" for primary indicates the outcome is a major focus of the entire course.
“M” for moderate indicates the outcome is the focus of at least one component of the course, but not majority of course material.
“LN” for “little to none” indicates that the course does not contribute significantly to this outcome.

1. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics

2. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors

3. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences

4. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts

5. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives

6. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions

7. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies.

Strategic Performance Indicators (SPIs)

Not Applicable

Course Objectives

Topical Outline

Introductory Review
Electromagnetic wave equations
Plane wave reflection and transmission
Effects of material resonances on wave propagation
Group velocity dispersion

Wave Propagation in Dielectric Slab Guides}

Solution of the wave equation
Guided modes and cutoff conditions
Wave and ray pictures
Leaky and radiation modes
Propagation in curved guides
Field Theory of Step Index Fibers
Ray classification and analysis
Solution of the wave equation for multimode fibers
Field descriptions and mode classification
Single mode fibers
Single mode fiber measurements


Fabrication issues
Intrinsic and extrinsic loss mechanisms
Bending losses
Coupling losses
Loss measurements
Systems implications


Effects of dispersion on pulse propagation
Material, waveguide, and profile dispersion
Group delay distortion in multimode fibers
Cubic dispersion
Dispersion measurement and fiber bandwidth
Polarization mode dispersion
Systems implications
Dispersion mapping
Dispersion equalization techniques

Special Purpose Index Profiles

Multimode graded index fibers
Single mode graded index fibers
Dispersion shifting and flattening in single mode fiber
Polarization-maintaining fiber
Equivalent index profiles for curved guides

Fiber Amplifiers

The amplification principle
Material systems for fiber amplifiers
Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers
Multi-wavelength operation
Gain flattening
Pulse interaction
Black box models

Nonlinear Effects

Nonlinear optical concepts
Self- and cross-phase modulation, soliton propagation
Stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering
Four-wave mixing
Importance of nonlinear effects in communication systems.