Integrated Optics


CMPE Degree: This course is Not Applicable for the CMPE degree.

EE Degree: This course is Not Applicable for the EE degree.

Lab Hours: 0 supervised lab hours and 0 unsupervised lab hours.

Technical Interest Group(s) / Course Type(s): Optics and Photonics

Course Coordinator: Ali Adibi

Prerequisites: ECE3025

Corequisites: None.

Catalog Description

Theory and design of integrated photonic devices.

Course Outcomes

Not Applicable

Student Outcomes

In the parentheses for each Student Outcome:
"P" for primary indicates the outcome is a major focus of the entire course.
“M” for moderate indicates the outcome is the focus of at least one component of the course, but not majority of course material.
“LN” for “little to none” indicates that the course does not contribute significantly to this outcome.

1. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics

2. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors

3. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences

4. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts

5. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives

6. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions

7. ( Not Applicable ) An ability to acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies.

Strategic Performance Indicators (SPIs)

Outcome 1 (Students will demonstrate expertise in a subfield of study chosen from the fields of electrical engineering or computer engineering):
1. Explain the fundamental concepts behind waveguiding in integrated photonic waveguides and the properties of the resulting guided modes (e.g., cut-off, group velocity, dispersion)
2. Demonstrate expertise in the analysis and design of integrated photonic waveguides and calculating their important properties using Maxwell’s equations and boundary conditions

Outcome 2 (Students will demonstrate the ability to identify and formulate advanced problems and apply knowledge of mathematics and science to solve those problems):
1. Explain different types of integrated photonic resonators and the properties of their resonant modes (resonance wavelength, mode volume, quality factor, and free spectral range)
2. Demonstrate expertise in the analysis and design of integrated photonic resonators in different materials and calculating their important properties using Maxwell’s equations and boundary conditions

Outcome 3 (Students will demonstrate the ability to utilize current knowledge, technology, or techniques within their chosen subfield):
1. Explain the mechanisms for coupling different integrated photonic building blocks (i.e., waveguides and resonators) and the analysis and design of such coupled structures to form functional passive devices
2. Explain different tuning mechanisms (e.g., electro-optic effect, free-carrier plasma-dispersion effect, thermo-optic effect, etc.) and their application for designing active integrated photonic devices, especially modulators, switches, phase shifters, and delay lines.

Course Objectives

Topical Outline

1. Introduction on Electromagnetics
a. Maxwell’s equations
b. Wave propagation
c. Materials properties for optics (dispersion and absorption)
d. Phase & group velocity
e. Reflection and refraction
2. Planar Dielectric Slab Waveguides
a. Asymmetric waveguides
b. Confinement
c. Ray optics analysis
d. Group velocity dispersion and modal dispersion
e. Transfer matrix analysis
f. Multilayer slab waveguides
g. Distributed Bragg reflectors
3. Channel Waveguides
a. Ridge waveguides and Rib waveguides
b. Effective index method for channel waveguides
c. Numerical simulation of channel waveguides
4. Coupled Mode Theory
a. Formulation
b. Application to corrugated waveguides
c. Theory of waveguide coupling
d. Directional couplers
5. Optical Cavities
a. Motivation (Need for frequency sensitive elements for filtering, resonators for sources, etc.)
b. Fabry-Perot resonators
c. Resonance mode properties
d. Examples of optical cavities
e. Cavity mode structure (standing waves versus whispering gallery modes)
f. Micro-ring and micro-disk resonators
g. Numerical analysis of the cavity modes
6. Waveguide-Cavity Coupling
a. Theory of coupling of a waveguide and a cavity
b. Critical Coupling
c. Add/Drop filters using waveguide-cavity coupling
7. Functional Integrated Optic Devices
a. Wavelength demultiplexers
i. Cavity-waveguide demultiplexers
ii. Array Waveguide gratings (AWG)
b. Mach-Zehnder Interferometer
c. Modulators
i. Electro-optic modulators
ii. Acousto-optic modulators
iii. Novel modulators
d. Switches
e. Delay lines
f. Input-Output coupling in integrated optics
8. Photonic Crystal Structures
a. Introduction to physics of 1D period structures
i. Concepts of Brilluoin zone and bandgap
ii. Band structure calculations
iii. Extension to 2D photonic crystals
b. Photonic crystal waveguides and bends
c. Photonic crystal cavities
d. Photonic crystal integrated circuits
i. Waveguide couplers
ii. Add/Drop filters
iii. Mach-Zehnders
iv. Delay lines
e. Dispersion properties of photonic crystals and their applications
9. Novel Applications of Integrated Optics